The author wishes to thank the World Bank Amazon Sustainable Landscapes team, in particular Adriana Moreira, Ana Maria Gonzalez Velosa, Hasita Bhammar, and Sandra Berman, who provided early guidance and advice in the survey design, identifying key contacts and review of this report. Valerie Hickey, Practice Manager for the Environment, Natural Resources and Blue Economy (ENB) Global Practice in Latin America and the Caribbean, provided valuable suggestions and comments for the final report. Peer review for the report was provided by Jorge Muñoz, World Bank Lead Land Administration Specialist; Giovanni Ruta, World Bank Senior Environmental Economist; Avecita Chicchon, Program Director for the Andes-Amazon Initiative from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; and Mark Zimsky, Biodiversity Coordinator, and Regional Coordinator for Latin America, for the Global Environment Facility. Paulina Arroyo from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation provided guidance, encouragement, and support for the continuation of this study. Thais Vilela was generous with her time and lessons learned to ensure a high-quality replication of the survey. Nagaraja Rao Harshadeep (Harsh), Hrishikesh Prakash Patel, and Isabel Maria Ramos Tellez from the World Bank Disruptive KIDS (Knowledge, Information & Data Services) team skillfully applied their creativity and expertise to create an online version of this report with dynamic data visualizations. The author would also like to thank Renata Zincone for her graphic design work, Jennifer Roche for revising and editing the text, Kalina Gibson for her support in checking and validating data, and Cooper Wetherbee for providing valuable technical support in automating the database for data collection.

We would also like to thank the numerous individuals from all the participating organizations who were patient and supportive in providing input, answering questions, and verifying data entries throughout the data collection process. Without their support, this analysis would not be possible. Among these were we would like to thank: Megan MacDowell and Keith Madden (Andes Amazon Fund); Ruth Gutierrez and Felippe DeRosa (CLUA); Mark Zimsky and Teayeon Kim (GEF); Kristina McNeff, Paulina Arroyo, Amy Juelsgaard, and Leonardo Fleck (GBMF); Corentin Genin (Belgium); Traci Romine (Mott Foundation); Adam Smith (CI); Michele Zador (CEPF); Eirik Brun Sørlie (Norwegian Embassy in Brasilia); Jessica Rosen, Ani Zamgochian, Anna Toness, Michelle Jennings (USAID); Jenny Martinez (USFWS); Clemens Helbach (BMU), Christina Tirler (GIZ/BMZ); Amanda Molennar and Mirko-de Ponti (Netherlands MFA); Florence Van-Houtte (European Commission); Ines Susana Angulo de Aviles (WB/FIP); Simon Whitehouse (WB/FCPF); Annette Bettina Killmer (IDB); Carolina Jaramillo (GGGI); Renata Piazzon (Instituto Arapyaú); Marcia Soares (Fundo Vale); Yelena Ortega (CIFF); Rodrigo Spuri (TNC); Jason Cole and Shelley Shreffler (MACP); Justin Pepper (Bobolink); Mathieu Boche (AFD); Stephanie Bouziges-Eschmann (FFEM); Angela Albernaz Skaf and Bernardo Raune (Amazon Fund); Ana Gutierrez (UK); Livio Silva (Oak Foundation); Lars Løvold (RFN); Stefannie Zapata and Edgar de Oliveira Rosa (WWF); Norma Rodriguez and Lucien Chan (Skoll Foundation); Claire Poelking (MacArthur Foundation); Joseph Reganato (MCFA); Matt Foster (GWC); Juliana Strobel (Fundación Avina); Jose Gomez (FAO); and Cecilia Guerra (CAF).


Natalie Hoover El Rashidy

Study Coordination

Adriana Moreira and Ana Maria Gonzalez Velosa

Suggested Citation

Hoover El Rashidy, Natalie. 2021. International Funding for Amazon Conservation and Sustainable Management: A Continued Analysis of Grant Funding Across the Basin. Washington D.C.: Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program.

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About the Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program

The Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program (ASL Program), is an Impact Program funded by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) with the objective to protect globally significant biodiversity and implement policies to foster sustainable land use and restoration of native vegetation cover in Amazon regions of Brazil, Colombia and Peru. It aims to strengthen management effectiveness of more than 66 million hectares of protected areas, facilitate the creation of 4.3 million hectares of new protected areas, promote sustainable practices in almost 11 million hectares, restore 35,000 hectares of forests and support actions to mitigate emissions by 164 million mtC02e. The ASL national projects are led by the countries’ Ministries of Environment and are being executed collaboratively between public and private entities. The World Bank (lead agency), WWF and UNDP act as GEF Implementing Agencies providing support and supervision. A regional coordination project, implemented by the WB, provides technical assistance and knowledge management opportunities to the participant countries.


ASL Coordinator:

Ana Maria Gonzalez Velosa

ASL Website:

ASL Community of Practice: